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Raúl Barroso received his PhD at the Université de Lausanne in 2009. His dissertation, Three essays in Swiss corporate governance, focuses on the institutionalization of corporate governance mechanisms in Switzerland, the determinants of the composition of the board of directors and the role of significant shareholders in the performance of corporations. He was funded by the Swiss National Foundation to work on a research project covering the corporate governance of financial institutions. The project compares the evolution and inflünce of the international corporate governance in the financial industry. Additionally, his research interests include network analysis, particularly on shareholders and directors networks and the political ties of corporations. Raúl received his BA in Business Administration from the Universidad Complutense of Madrid as well as a MSc in International Management from the Université de Lausanne. From September 2009 to August 2010 he was a visiting scholar at COI. Currently he holds a position at HEC Paris as an Assistant Professor.
Beth Bechky is an associate professor at the Graduate School of Management at the University of California, Davis. Beth's research is at the intersection of organization theory and the sociology of work and occupations; she focuses on the interaction order of the workplace. She is currently engaged in an ethnographic study of forensic scientists. Beth's recent publications include "Coordination in organizations: An integrative perspective," (with Gerardo Okhuysen) published in The Academy of Management Annals, "Boundary organizations: Enabling collaboration among unexpected allies," (with Siobhan O'Mahony) published in Administrative Science Quarterly, and Qualitative Organizational Research, Volume 2: Best Papers from the Davis Conference on Qualitative Research (co-edited with Kimberly Elsbach). Beth is a senior editor at Organization Science. She received a BS from Cornell University and an MA in sociology and a PhD in organizational behavior from Stanford University.
Elena Bogdanova is a doctoral fellow at the Max-Plank-Institute for the Study of Societies (Cologne, Germany). Previously she was a senior lecturer in Economic Sociology and Sociology of Organizations at the State University - Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg campus, Russia). Her dissertation project examines the constitution of the antiques market within the framework of economic sociology. The project aims to explain how the antiques market has emerged, developed, and changed in the international and specific Russian contexts. The cognitive embeddedness of the market in patterns, schemes and modes of valuation of goods is analyzed empirically, in particular, how antiques are valued in the situation of uncertainty of the product quality and instability of the macro-structures?
Adam Buchhorn graduated from the Copenhagen Business School in 2004 with a MSc. in Management of Technology. Previous work experience includes business consultant and government official for the Danish Ministry of Economic and Business Affairs as a climate change and policy analyst. He is currently a Ph.D. fellow at the Department of Organization, Copenhagen Business School in Denmark. His research interest is the construction and organization of markets for climate technology with particular emphasis on the relationship between politics and markets. In light of increased focus on climate change and energy security, the project re-examines the optimal configuration of policy and markets. How can we understand their intertwined dynamics amid the challenges with climate change in the 21st century? Is politicians' picking the wining technology a bad idea? Can markets for climate technology benefit from policy, and under what conditions? In short, is mixing political success with markets success the good, the bad or simply a necessary evil?
Theoretically, the research project addresses the limitations with traditional evolutionary market theory in understanding markets, by offering a constructionist perspective borrowed from actor-network theory (ANT).
Pierre-Marie Chauvin is Associate Professor of Sociology at Paris-Sorbonne University (Paris 4). He holds degrees in Sociology, Economics and Philosophy (Ecole Normale Supérieure of Cachan, University of Paris 10 Nanterre and University of Paris I Sorbonne)
His PhD dissertation untitled "The Market for Reputations" focused on the dynamics of worth in the Bordeaux wine market. He analyzed how rankings and informal evaluations influence social hierarchies, identities and strategies of economic actors. His research interests include more generally Economic Sociology, Entrepreneurship, Sociology of Work and Visual Sociology.
During his stay at Columbia, he was working for a collective project funded by ANR (French national research agency) on the issue of Entrepreneurship ("Appuis Sociaux de l'Entrepreneuriat", led by Pierre-Paul Zalio and Michel Grossetti).
Joe Deville is a 3rd year PhD student at Goldsmiths, University of London. His research interests include the emerging sociologies of money and, more generally, the sociology of economic life. His research aims to examine some of the ways in which forms of consumer credit in the UK are both performed and become implicated in people's lives. It explores some of the consequences of considering forms of consumer credit as a relational coming together of a series of human and non-human actors, examining how a range of socio-technical processes become immanent to consumer credit as a form of money, as well as to defaulting debtors. Joe received an MA in Social Research from Goldsmiths, University of London, as well a BA in English and American Literature from Manchester University.
Emmanül Didier is a Research Fellow (Chargé de recherche) at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifiqü / Groupe de Sociologie Politiqü et Morale (CNRS/GSPM) and a Professor at the école Nationale de la Statistiqü et de l'Administration Economiqü (ENSAE). He is currently heading a research project on "benchmarking" financed by the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche. The project aims to describe the recent transformation of the French public administration stemming from the New Public Management initiative and how it relies on new statistical tools underlying "benchmarking" practices applied to the domains of academia, public hospitals, and the police. At the COI Didier will be observing comparative use of benchmarking by the NYPD through the use of "compstat." Recent publications include: 2009 "La solidité des institutions. Les statistiqüs de « victimation » de l'Insee (1996-2006)," with S. Nevanen, Ph. Robert and R. Zauberman, Genèses Vol. 1 - N° 74, 128-144; 2009 "L'acteur et la mesure. Le comptage de la délinquance entre données administratives et enquêtes," with R. Zauberman, Ph. Robert, and S. Nevanen, Revü franÇaise de sociologie, 50/1, 31- 62; 2008 "L'évolution de la délinquance d'après enquêtes de victimation*. France, 1984-2005," with Ph. Robert, R. Zauberman, S. Névanen, Déviance et Société, Vol. 32, No 4, 435-471; 2007 "Qülles cartes pour le New Deal? De la différence entre gouverner et discipliner," Genèses, 68, Sept., 48-74.
Arne Dressler is a PhD student at the Max-Planck-Institute for the Study of Society in Cologne, Germany. Before joining Max-Planck, he studied sociology at the University of Goettingen and the University of California-Berkeley. His research interests include economic sociology, the sociology of morality, social theory, a historical sociology of concept formation and methods in the social science as well as ethnography. In his dissertation, Arne investigates the transformations of the market for sexual services in Cologne over the last 60 years corresponding to the changing moral evaluation of prostitution and the local struggles over it. To find out about the distinctive social processes and conditions shaping markets which are morally contested, the project compares instances of contention over a proper place for commercial sexuality in the city and what the outcomes mean for market participants as well as for questions of market coordination.
Echanove graduated from the Urban Planning Program at Columbia
where he then worked as an ICT consultant. His areas of interests
comprise economic and urban development, urban culture, and
information and communication technologies. He completed a masters'
thesis on the impact of the informal sector and immigration
on the economic development of one of the poorest neighborhoods
of Brooklyn, NY. Matias Echanove is actively involved in Trading
Places, an international network of urban planning professionals
and students, which organized traveling conferences in many
cities including Mexico City, Bogotá, Shanghai, Hong
Kong, Seoul, and Tokyo. He is leading the URBZ project, a web-based
urban image database hosted at COI. Matias Echanove has recently
been awarded a research grant by the Japanese government to
study cultural globalization at the University of Tokyo.
Ingrid Erickson is a researcher who studies the convergence of mobile technology, the urban environment, and social organization. Erickson received her PhD from the Center for Work, Technology and Organization in the Department of Management Science & Engineering at Stanford University in 2009. Most recently, as a Program Officer at the Social Science Research Council, she helped to establish the New Youth City Learning Network, a MacArthur Foundation-funded project to support the development of innovative digital media and learning opportunities for New York City youth among informal learning organizations such as museums, libraries and after school programs. Erickson holds an MS in Information from the School of Information at the University of Michigan, an MA in Religious Studies from the Divinity School at the University of Chicago, and a BA from Carleton College. To date, her work has been published in the Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, American Behavioral Scientist, and New Media & Society.
In his research, Fabrizio has explored the impact of social science (in particular economics) and ideology on the design of organizations and management practices. He has also studied the emergence of governance mechanisms in Open Source software communities. He is currently studying the role of the Global Reporting Initiative in the institutionalization of a framework to guide the preparation of sustainability reports. He has published in top management journals, such as the Academy of Management Review and the Academy of Management Journal, and he received the 2006 Best Paper Award from the Academy of Management Review.
Fabrizio Ferraro is Assistant Professor of Strategic Management at IESE Business School. He holds a Ph.D. in Management from Stanford University.
Geoff Fougere is Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the University of
Canterbury in New Zealand. He was a Mellon Foundation Fellowship at
the COI in 1999-2000, and will return as a Visiting Scholar in Spring
2006. Fougere's research interests include organizational innovation
and change, economic sociology, political sociology and health policy.
Publications range across several substantive areas but for the most
part share a common focus on issues at the intersection of states and
markets. He has had wide experience as an analyst and advisor on health
policy. He is currently a member of the New Zealand National Advisory
Committee on Health and Disability which provides independent advice to
the Minister of Health (he chairs its Public Health Advisory Committee).
Francesco Fratto graduated in Political Sciences at the University of Florence
and he is now a Ph.D. student at the Institute of Sociology of
the University of Urbino, in Italy. He is a COI visiting scholar
from February to May 2004. His research interests mainly include
economic and political sociology, with a focus on local economic
development, industrial districts (traditional, modern and technological),
and on the development of the South of Italy. His research explores
topics such as consumption, leisure, immigration, e-commerce and
enterprises, social policy and local welfare, with a current focus
on social capital. His Ph.D. dissertation examines how collective
social capital may affect the economic development of a territory
as well as how individual social capital can influence SMEs
economic performances. His publications include: with A. Pescarolo,
Il modello di sviluppo delle politiche sociali in Toscana;
Melfi and Gioia Tauro, in Comuni
nuovi. Il cambiamento dei governi locali, C. Trigilia, F.
Ramella, F. Piselli and R. Catanzaro (eds.); «Si fa
festa». Tempo libero, consumi, città e immigrazione,
in F. Ramella (ed.), Under 36. Giovani adulti a Poggibonsi.
Gernot Grabher is Professor of Economic Geography and Head of the Research
Area Socio-Economics of Space at the University of Bonn. His previous
research was mainly concerned with the role of social and economic
networks in the decline and revitalization of regions. In his more
recent work, he explores the dynamics of project-based networks in
metropolitan clusters of the cultural and media industries.
His recent publications include Restructuring Networks in Post-Socialism:Legacies,
Linkages, and Localities (with David Stark), 1997, Oxford University
Press; "Ecologies of Creativity: the Village, the Group, and the Heterarchic
Organisation of the British Advertising Industry." Environment
& Planning A, 33 (2001): 351-374; "Cool Projects, Boring Institutions:
Temporary Collaboration in Social Context." In: Grabher, G. (ed):
Production in Projects. Economic Geographies of Temporary Collaboration.
Regional Studies Special Issue, 36 (2002): 213-222; "The Project Ecology
of Advertising: Talents, Tasks, and Teams." In: Grabher, G. (ed):
Production in Projects. Economic Geographies of Temporary Collaboration.
Regional Studies Special Issue, 36 (2002): 253-270.
Catherine Grandclément-Chaffy is a PhD student at the Center for the
Sociology of Innovation (CSI) at the Ecole des Mines de Paris, France.
She received a Fulbright grant to be a visiting scholar at COI from
September to November 2004. Her research interests include economic
anthropology and sociology, marketing and consumer research, business
history, retail geography and urbanism, and sociology of food, food
safety and risk. She is currently writing her dissertation on French
mass grocery retailers under the supervision of Antoine Hennion.
Through a selection of case studies on some retailing innovations
and techniques, her dissertation is aimed at giving a sociological
insight into the numerous activities supported by retailers in order
to make markets. These case studies - namely on the development
of two private labels, on barcode and markets monitoring, on pricing
and price display, on shopping carts and on an in-store marketing
agency - are built upon archival researches, ethnographic observations
and interviews. The theoretical objective of the thesis is to re-populate
the supermarket with the numerous active entities (human and non-human)
that operate the mediation between the product and the customer.
Grandclément-Chaffy is co-author, with Julien Besançon
and Olivier Borraz, of La sécurité alimentaire en
crises. Les crises Coca-Cola et Listeria de 1999-2000, Paris, L'Harmattan,
2004. She graduated from the French Business School ESSEC in 2000
and received a DEA in sociology in 2001 from the Institut d'Etudes
Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po).
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Ning Gu is a Ph.D. student in Architecture at the University of
Sydney, Australia. His research on virtual architecture raises
the question: "Are 3D virtual worlds all we want?" Gu offers
a model for representing virtual architecture based on the
structure of a functional core and a visual shell. He develops
a "place-centric" and "user-centric" approach to this model.
Gu is the co-author of a number of papers with Mary Lou Maher
including "Conceptual Competition ETH World Virtual and Physical
Presence" and "Visual Representation of Virtual Architecture."
He has a B.Arch. from Shenzhen University in China and a M.D.S.
in Design Computing from the University of Sydney, Australia.
Ib Tunby Gulbrandsen
Ib Tunby Gulbrandsen is a PhD Fellow at Department of Organization, Copenhagen Business School. He holds a MA degree in contemporary culture and performing arts from Copenhagen University, and a double BA degree in political science and aesthetics from Aarhus University. Following his graduation in 2006 he was employed as concept designer and communication strategist at the award winning Danish arts house Das Beckwerk, until he enrolled as a PhD fellow in 2009. Prior to his visit at COI and Columbia, Ib was visiting scholar at Annenberg School for Communication, University of Southern California.
His doctoral research project focuses on the potential and impact of new media spaces on the construction of organizational identity. Departing from a social constructivist and relational perspective he utilizes concepts like the society of spectacle, the bricoleur citizen, the narrative construction of reality and the collaborative paradigm to understand how and with what consequences stakeholders and organizations participate in the co-creation of identity on digital communication platforms. Based on a longitudinal study of the online presence of the pharmaceutical company Novo Nordisk (incl. both quantitative and qualitative data), he investigates how the organization and its different stakeholders are contributing to the construction process – a process he claims is dependent on the different actors’ ability to invite to and willingness to participate in collaboration.
Eelke Heemskerk is assistant professor political science and research fellow at the Germany Institute at the University of Amsterdam, and received his at the Amsterdam School for Social science Research in 2006. Next to his academic work Eelke works as management consultant at The Galan Group, where he works with top management teams and boards of public and private organisations on issues of corporate governance and strategy.
Eelke has published on corporate governance, corporate elites, social networks and institutional reform in the Netherlands and Europe. His publications include among others Decline of the Corporate Community (AUP 2008), Constituting Corporate Europe (Antipode 2010, with W.K. Carroll and M. Fennema) and The Social Field of the European Corporate Elite (Global Networks, forthcoming).
In his current research Eelke is interested in how social networks influence boardroom decision-making. For this he received the Veni price for excellent researchers by the Dutch Science foundation, funding a four-year research project. At Columbia Eelke will further develop the theoretical aspects of the interplay between social networks and decision-making.
Andrea M. Herrmann
Andrea M. Herrmann is Assistant Professor at the Innovation Studies Group of Utrecht University where she was tenured in 2010. She was a postdoctoral research fellow at the Max-Planck-Institut für Gesellschaftsforschung (Cologne) from 2006 to 2008. She holds a PhD in Political Economy from the European University Institute (Florence) and an MSc in Political Sciences from the London School of Economics (London). Her research stay at the Center on Organizational Innovation is generously sponsored through a Marie Curie grant of the European Commission.
In her research, Andrea M. Herrmann studies institutional influences on incumbent and establishing companies from a political-economic perspective. Consequently, her research interests comprise the areas of entrepreneurship, corporate strategy and competitiveness, innovation management, industrial relations, and research methodology. During her research fellowship at the COI, Andrea analyzes how institutions influence corporate foundation processes of high-tech entrepreneurs. Her publications include various internationally peer-reviewed articles and book chapters, as well as a book (2008) entitled: One Political Economy, One Competitive Strategy? Oxford; Oxford University Press.
Lasse Folke Henriksen
Lasse Henriksen’s academic interests lie in the fields of economic sociology and international political economy. His research is focused on the role of experts and expert knowledge in global economic governance with a particular focus on the economics profession. His current project looks at competition between professions in international arenas, and how professions form strategies and networks to capture transnational policy-issues in the areas of financial and economic governance.
Michael Hutter is research director at the Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB), where he heads the unit “Cultural Sources of Newness". He also holds a research professorship for “Knowledge and Innovation” at Technische Universität Berlin. He studied mathematics and economics in Germany and the U.S., and he held positions at the University of Munich and at Claremont McKenna College, CA. From 1987-2008, he held the chair for economic theory at Witten/Herdecke University. He was invited as a visiting scholar at the Rockefeller Foundation, Bellagio (2000), the School of Information Management Systems, UC Berkeley (2002), and the Getty Research Institute (2003 and 2007). His current research interests are in historical studies that demonstrate the interdependence of economic and artistic innovation, in the economics of the “experience economy”, and in issues of valuation in economic as well as in cultural sociology. His most recent larger publication is “Beyond Price. Value in Culture, Economics and the Arts” (Cambridge University Press, 2008), edited together with David Throsby.
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Charles Kirschbaum is an Assistant Professor at Insper Institute of Education and Research and Associate Researcher
at CEBRAP, in Sao Paulo - Brazil. In 2005 he earned an M.A. degree in Political Philosophy at USP, Sao Paulo. In 2006
he earned his PhD degree in Organizational Studies at EAESP-FGV in Sao Paulo. During his PhD, he was a visiting
scholar at the Department of Sociology and CACPS at Princeton University. His interests lie in the intersection of
sociology of culture, economic sociology and social network analysis. He is currently developing his research on
worldwide jazz musicians and rappers in Sao Paulo.
His studies on jazz explore the evolution of social networks and the emergence of new styles between 1930 and 1969.
This was a particularly fertile period for Jazz, for it migrated from a relatively homogeneous and centralized field
dominated by folk and pop idioms, to a decentralized and heterogeneous field, where avant-garde styles emerged.
Within this process, the ebb and flow of social ties supported the collective construction of innovations in jazz.
The studies on rap aim to understand the patterns of cognitive networks among rappers. Although all rappers claim
that they belong to the same community and they share a common purpose in advancing it, internal distinctions abound.
By interviewing rappers in Sao Paulo, it is possible to map different patterns of cognitive networks, while exploring
diverse accounts of what is worthy in the rap creation.
Mariane Koslinski graduated in Sociology at the London School of Economics and is a PhD student at the Institute of Philosophy and Social Sciences of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ. She is currently involved with the research "State, civil society and market in the implementation of social policies" run by the Nucleo Interdiciplinar de Estudos sobre Desigualdades (NIED - UFRJ). She is a COI Visiting Scholar from September 2005 to May 2006, where she is developing her research project entitled: "New ways of civil society organization and democracy: a proposal to study NGOs as source of innovation and political participation". Her main research interests comprise political sociology, processes of democratization, globalization and social policy decentralization, citizenship, civil society organizations and political participation. Her recent works include "From modernity to globality: new spaces for the analysis of society's sphere of action" (Enfoques, v.4, n.1 - July de 2005), and "New Forms of Civil Society Organization and The State: A Preliminary Study of the Impact of NGOs on Participation and State Resources Distribution".
Ann-Christina is a PhD fellow at Goldsmiths College, University of London in the department of Sociology and the Centre for the Study of Invention and Social Process. She holds a B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Business Administration and Philosophy from Copenhagen Business School, where specialized in social innovation. Her PhD thesis, entitled: “Creative Processes: An Ethnographic Study of Innovation, Art, and Business”investigates innovation management from the perspective of economic sociology. She analyzes various art-specific practices, performances and methods, which engage businesses and innovation. Her research takes the form of an ethnographic study of two creative practices: the Dogma filmmaking movement and ‘Design Critique’ applied as creative principles for the organization of innovation.
Aleksandra Lis is a third year PhD candidate in the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology at the Central European University in Budapest (Hungary). Her research interests include organization of carbon markets and their problematic boundaries. She studies the creation of a European carbon market as a translation process and examines how national actors get involved by problematizing boundaries and rules of this newly established market. In her PhD project she focuses on the participation of Polish businesses, workers and government representatives in the negotiation of amendments to the EU Emission Trading Scheme Directive. She applies network analysis and the Actor-Network concept of translation to study interest representation and power in the EU. Aleksandra was awarded the University Association for Contemporary European Studies grant to conduct a part of her fieldwork research in Brussels. Aleksandra received an MA in Sociology at the Nicholas Copernicus University in Torun (Poland) and an MA in Sociology and Social Anthropology at the Central European University in Budapest (Hungary).
Maja Lotz graduated in Sociology from the University of Copenhagen and is presently a Ph.D. fellow at the International Center for Business and Politics, Copenhagen Business School in Denmark. Her research interests include work organizing practices such as team work and other types of collaborative relational settings within organizational life, the significance of self-realization and community at work, organizational learning, and the relational dynamics of cooperation and rivalry.
Her Ph.D. thesis addresses the role and productive energies of communing within contemporary work organizing practices. Especially the role of novel collaborative and communing practices in and between relational team settings as triggers for learning, innovation, creative co-design, and experimental governance are explored. Using qualitative case studies she investigates these dynamics in 7 Danish production companies. Drawing on this empirical corpus she currently has particular focus on ways in which team communities and their interactions are organized to spur a process of rivalry and cooperation that enable the formation of reflexive and productive communing practices at the individual, team, and firm level.
Anders Koed Madsen
Anders Koed Madsen holds BA degrees in philosophy and social science from University of Copenhagen and graduated from University of Illinois at Chicago in 2010 with an MA in Communication. Parallel to his studies he has been employed by The Danish Board of Technology from 2006-2008 and he has, since March 2010, been enrolled as a Ph.D. fellow at the Department of Organization at Copenhagen Business School in Denmark.
His research is focused on ways in which digital data, such as hyperlinks and digital texts, can be utilized as a source to better understand and anticipate controversies surrounding synthetic biology. Essential characteristics of such data is that it is traceable and easy to synthesize and visualize through different kinds of information-management tools and this seems to provide the possibility to harness the ’collective intelligence’ of the web in understanding social dynamics.
Questions that the research project aims to answer is whether different entry-points to the web make different social contexts visible around synthetic biology and how these different entry-points can be conceptualized a different ´set-ups´ for filtering visualizing information. Besides that the project is focused on the potentials and pitfalls of using this kind of data-mining as a social scientific method.
Alexandre Mallard is a researcher at laboratory SUSI, the social science laboratory of France Telecom in Issy les Moulineaux, France, where he heads of a team of sociologists analysing professional uses of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT's). He was trained in the field of sociology of science and technology, and his PhD work studied the social construction of scientific instruments, metrology and standardization. His current work at France Telecom investigates the use of ICT's in various organizational contexts, with special focus on commercial application of communication technologies and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. His research interests include organizational innovation and change as well as economic sociology. During his stay at COI in spring 2007, he will be preparing a book summarizing the major learning of several years of research on the relational use of ICT's for economic action, with the particular case of small businesses.
His publications include: "Compare, Standardize, and Settle Agreement: on Some Usual Metrological Problems." Social Studies of Science 28 (1998):571-601; "La presse de consommation et le marché. Enquête sur le tiers consumériste." Sociologie du Travail 42 (2000):391-410; Les NTIC en petites entreprises - Special issue of the Revue Réseaux, 121 (2003); "From the telephone to the economic exchange: how Small Businesses use the telephone in their market relations." Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 22 (2004):117-134; "A la découverte du client - L'engagement marchand dans différents formats de la relation commerciale." Economies et Sociétés, "Economie et gestion des services" 7 (2005):2067-2086 (with Céline Mounier and Emmanuel Kessous); "Following the emergence of unpredictable uses? New stakes and tasks for the social sciences understanding of ICT uses." in Leslie Haddon et al. (eds): Everyday Innovators, Researching the Role of Users in Shaping ICTs, Dordrecht: Springer (2005).
Manske studied Sociology and Political Sciences in Berlin, Germany
and is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Technology and
Science. Her doctoral thesis focuses on new media workers in
Berlin and examines how web developers combine their private
and professional lives in such a way that each becomes a resource
for the other. Based on qualitative interviews, Manske examines
how technical skills are supplemented by a particular type of
"life conduct" that is especially conducive to gaining entry
and professional advancement in the new media industry. She
was a Visiting Scholar at COI in the Fall of 2001, where she
conducted corresponding interviews with Silicon Alley web workers.
Her papers include "Wenn das Individuum zur Firma wird: Solo-Selbständigkeit"
and "WebWorker. Lebensstil als Ressource".
Guido Möllering is a Senior Research Associate at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Scieties in Cologne, Germany. He received his PhD in Management Studies from Cambridge University, UK. His distinctly interdisciplinary research and teaching revolves around inter-organizational relationships. For his doctoral thesis, he explored the nature of trust in inter-firm co-operation and beyond, while his more recent work looks at the role cooperative relationships play in processes of market constitution. At Columbia University, Möllering completes and discusses papers on a framework for market constitution analysis, on networked technology developmet in semiconductor manufacturing technology markets, and a chapter on trust online. He has published in leading journals such as Organization Science, Sociology and Cambridge Journal of Economics. His book Trust: Reason, Routine, Reflexivity was published by Elsevier in 2006. Möllering is the 2009 recipient of the prestigeous Peregrinus Award of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
Muniesa is a researcher at the Center for the Sociology of
Innovation (Ecole des Mines de Paris). In 2003, he completed
a PhD on the sociology of exchange automation at the Paris
Bourse, under the supervision of Michel Callon. His doctoral
work is a contribution to the development of an STS (Science
and Technology Studies) approach to the study of financial
markets. He has also contributed to that field with two special
issues in French journals: Politix, 13(52), 2000, and Réseaux,
21(122), 2003. His current interests include economic experiments,
the anthropology of calculation, and the sociology of architectural
projects. Muniesa graduated in Sociology at the Universidad
Complutense de Madrid (Spain) and worked as a researcher at
the UCE (Usages, Créativité et Ergonomie) laboratory
at France Telecom R&D during his PhD. He also joined the
Department of Information Systems at the London School of
Economic for a one year post-doctoral project. In 2004, he
received a international research grant from the Ville de Paris.
Dr. Gina Neff is an associate professor of communication at the University of Washington. She studies the contemporary economics of media production by examining the relationship between work and technology in both high-tech and media industries. Her book Venture Labor: Work and the Burden of Risk in Innovative Industries (MIT 2012) examines the risk and uncertainties borne by New York City’s new media pioneers during the first internet boom. She also co-edited Surviving the New Economy (Paradigm 2007). With Carrie Sturts Dossick, she runs the Project on Communication Technology and Organizational Practices, a research group studying the roles of communication technology in the innovation of complex building design and construction. Her work has been funded by the National Science Foundation, and she is currently at work on a three-year project funded by Intel studying the impact of social media and consumer health technologies on the organization of primary care.
She has a Ph.D. in sociology from Columbia University, where she remains an external faculty affiliate of the Center on Organizational Innovation. She is currently a fellow at Princeton’s Center for Information Technology Policy and visiting scholar at NYU’s Media, Culture and Communication department. She has held appointments at UC San Diego, UCLA, and Stanford University. In addition to academic outlets, her research and writing have been featured in The New York Times, Christian Science Monitor, Fortune, The American Prospect, and The Nation.
Cristina Nistor is a Ph.D. candidate in social communication (Coordinated by Prof. Traian Rotariu, Dean of Faculty of Sociology, Cluj) and Assistant Professor in the Department of Journalism at "Babes-Bolyai" University, Cluj (Transylvania), Romania, where she conducts seminars and workshops on media studies and radio journalism. She received her B.A. in Journalism, and her M.A. in Social Communication Studies, at "Babes-Bolyai" University in Romania. She has been working as a radio journalist for several years and is currently also working as assistant coordinator on Phare projects focusing on Human Rights and Education, at Resource Center for Roma Communities, ex-Soros Foundation. She is a Visiting Researcher at Center on Organizational Innovation, at Columbia University, where she receives assistance on her Ph.D. dissertation titled "New York Media Coverage of 9/11". Her Ph.D. research interests include the comparative analysis of media coverage of The New York Times and The New York Post, and the New York media discourse at large, during 9/11. For the latter, she will conduct a series of interviews with journalists from New York media institutions and with professors in media and communication.
Véréna Paravel received a PhD in sociology in December 2003 (at the Centre d'études des Rationalités et des Savoirs (CERS - CNRS at the Université de Toulouse-II, France). Her dissertation (Les correspondances savantes. Espaces, pratiques et enjeux de l'épistolarite é lectronique) examines changes in the organization of knowledge among scientists enabled by innovations in communication technologies. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in several French scientific laboratories, analysis of scientific correspondence in the seventeenth century and contemporary times, and the tracking of on-line scientific debates, her dissertation investigates the emerging practice of scientific discourse via electronic texts and of new spaces for the production and circulation of knowledge as well as new social relations within and across scientific collectives. During her dissertation she was a research associate with the Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation (CSI) de l'école Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris from 1999 to 2001, and Adjunct Professor in the University of Toulouse II. As a post-doctoral scholar at the Center on Organizational Innovation she assists David Stark and Monique Girard in completing a data collection on the Lower Manhattan rebuilding process after 9/11 1) to analyze the role of technologies of representation and deliberation in the participatory process of rebuilding the World Trade Center site (with the financial support of the National Science Foundation) and 2) to realize an installation for an exhibition organized by Bruno Latour and Peter Weibel in the ZKM (center for art and media in Karlsruhe/Germany) . Her interests include sociology of science and technology, history of media, anthropology of writing, networks analysis.
Her publications include:
"Les réseaux, des Objets Relationnels Non Identifiés? Le cas de la communication électronique dans la recherche." Avec Claude Rosental. Réseaux, 118, juillet, p. 237-270. 2003.
"Le temps du mail: é crit instantané ou oral médiat." Avec Madeleine Akrich et Cécile Méadel. Sociologie et Sociétés, Vol. XXXII, n°2, Automne 2000.
"Panorama des usages professionnel du e-mail : la recherche comme cas pilote." Avec Cécile Méadel et Madeleine Akrich. Rapport du Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation (CSI) de l'Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris pour et publié par le Centre National des Etudes en T élécommunication. 2000.
Mariza Peirano is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Brasilia and a Senior Researcher at the National Scientific and Technological Development Council (CNPq) in Brazil. She holds a Ph.D. in Anthropology from Harvard University (1981). Her present research focuses on the presence of the state in people's everyday lives by examining ID papers and their symbolism in action from an ethnographic perspective (especially in relation to Brazil and, during her appointment at COI, the American case). The comparison of how anthropology as a discipline and theoretical project has been conceived in different national contexts constitutes one of her long-term topics of research. Her publications include (in Portuguese) Uma Antropologia no Plural (1992); A Favor da Etnografia (1995); O Dito e o Feito. Ensaios de Antropologia dos Rituais (as editor, 2001); Rituais Ontem e Hoje (2003); A Teoria Vivida (2006). She has also published articles in Annual Review of Anthropology: ("When anthropology is at home: The different contexts of a single discipline," 1998); Indian Social Science Review ("In pursuit of anthropology," 1999); Sociological Theory ("The pluralism of Antonio Candido," 1992); Contributions to Indian Sociology ("For a Sociology of India: some comments from Brazil," 1991).
Manuela Perrotta received her BA in Communication at the University of Siena and is now a Ph.D candidate in the field of Information Systems and Organization at the Faculty of Sociology of the University of Trento. She is member of the Research Unit on Communication, Organizational Learning and Aesthetics (RUCOLA) at the University of Trento. Her current research examines the relationships among technologies, practices, and organizations in the field of biotechnology and Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART). Her research focuses first on the inter-organizational learning situated in biotechnological networks, observing the intermingling and interaction of scientific, professional and technological expertise and a wide variety of organizational actors and practices. Secondly, she examines the evolution of practice in the context of a different work settings and organizational change and development. Her research interests include organizational learning, practice-based studies, situated knowledge, science and technology studies.
Dane Pflueger is a PhD student in the Department of Accounting and a Research Student in the Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation (CARR) at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). His research interests include the concept, measurement, and management of Quality, and social and environmental sustainability in the healthcare sector. His PhD thesis studies the way in which Quality is understood and operationalized in the UK and US health sectors from both a historical and ethnographic perspective. Dane has a public administration background, and holds a Masters in Public Administration (MPA) from the LSE, and BA in political science from Vassar College.
Martha Poon is completing dissertation work in the Science Studies Program at University of California San Diego. Her research traces the history of the commercial credit scoring technology called a FICOTM score, innovated by the firm Fair, Isaac & Company Incorporated. By giving a history to this risk management technology, Poon shows how the introduction of a specific statistical device by a second party technology provider has created a market for analytic products that calculate individual consumer credit risk. Since the history of credit scores overlaps with the history of consumer credit, the research also traces some of the major changes in U.S. consumer credit over the past 60 years. Scoring tools transformed the cost accounting of finance companies in the 1960's, supported the rise of pre-approved credit cards in the 1980's, and, after the mid-1990's they catalyzed the acceleration of subprime mortgage finance. Martha argues that the coordinating effect of this unique system of circulating information has transformed U.S. consumer finance from a cottage industry into a saturated product centered industry inextricably linked to international high finance.
Through a Bourse Chateaubriand Fellowship, Martha has been a visiting student at the CSI-ENSMP in Paris. She has also been a visiting researcher at the Hagley Museum and Library in Wilmington, Delaware. Her most recent publication is entitled 'From New Deal Institutions to Capital Markets: Commercial consumer risk scores and the making of subprime mortgage finance' (Accounting, Organization and Society, 2008 (forthcoming)).
Matteo Prato graduated in economics at the University of Bologna and he is completed his Ph.D. in management at IESE Business School (Barcelona) in July 2011. He has been visiting scholar at Stanford University in 2009. He was a visiting scholar at COI from September 2010 to March 2011, and will be returning to the COI September-October 2011.
Matteo's research interests lie at the intersection of organization theory and economic sociology and his work focuses on the socio-cognitive drivers of attention allocation and opinion formation. In his dissertation, he empirically investigates security analysts' behavior and more specifically a) the effects of analysts' experience and status on the odds and focus of stock coverage initiation; b) the role of peers' opinion distribution on the propensity of a focal analyst to issue risky vs. conservative forecasts; c) the interplay between institutionalized categories and analysts' evaluative frameworks.
Maria Prieto is currently completing her Ph.D. dissertation at the University of Navarre (Spain). Her case study deals with the modern commercial center and global financial hub so-called AZCA, built as the modern heart of Madrid metropolis and led by distinct local politics and geopolitics for the European integration. She is particularly focused on examining the socio-technical, socio-urbanistic, socio-economic evaluation principles that shaped the multifaceted, complex AZCA project in innovating an institutional and corporate modern architecture, a private-public urbanistic organization, and a European transnational city that (co)changed the global order during the Cold War period 1954 to 1989. As preliminary delineations of those areas of research, Maria has contributed to the proceedings book of the International Congress titled "North American Architecture: Engine and Mirror of Spanish Architecture at the Start of the Modern Era" (University of Navarre, March 2006) with "Contents with Effects: The Audiovisual Architecture of AZCA", and to Urban Perspectives (Polytechnic University of Catalonia, February 2007) with "The Amplified City: The Audio-visualization of AZCA as a Mediation of Its Contents".
In addition, she is at work on an article addressing the public information of urban planning in Spain from the rise of TV sets in mid 50s to the Digital TV sets of the present, by experimenting multiple audio-visualization techniques with the aim of engaging the public interest in the definition of the architecture of the city, urban ecology and/or infrastructure of the territory through interacting with the mass/new media as well as in the high performance network of mass/new media through thinking and co-designing the built environment. In this line, she is preparing an article on the interactive imagination of architectural competitions in the Web 2.0 realm of new software and cognition distributions, forthcoming in a Creative Commons-licensed book from Inclusiva-Net.org (MediaLabMadrid).
Maria holds Título de Arquitecta from the University of Navarre and MSAAD from Columbia University.
Catherine Robin is a Ph.D. student and teaching associate in Economic Geography at the
University of Zurich. Her research focuses on the increasing valorization of creativity
within labor contexts. The notion of creativity has been promoted to be the solution to
everything. However, it is a very fuzzy concept that changes its texture from context to
context. This multi-faceted nature and contradictory qualifications of creativity within
labor processes constitute the core of her Ph.D. Drawing on the theoretical framework
of the Economics of conventions she is investigating and tracing complex production
networks in Zurich by following an ethnographic approach. Her research interests
generally include creative economies, economic geography, economic sociology and
sociology of organization.
His current interests include the coevolution of different complex network structures and different classes of norms and conventions, the dynamics of knowledge interchange communities, open innovation communities and the study of the social practices of innovative groups. He looks for patterns in artificial systems that may help explain organizational innovative dynamics in human organizations and studies human organization practices to give some level of innovative abilities to artificial agents.
Ramon Sangüesa is one of the founders of Citilab, a Citizen's lab (http://citilab.eu), a space for the engagement of citizens in technology-based innovation, Citilb is at the same time a training center, a start-up incubator and a research center. There he leads the innovation and research aspects of the organization of innovation, technological education and research on new methods for collective design. The COI has extensively studied Citilab as a space for innovation.
He holds a PhD in Artificial Intelligence by the Technical University of Catalonia (1997). He also has a Postgraduate degree in Science Communication (Universidad Pompeu Fabra. also in 1997). Senior Fellow at the Strategic Innovation Lab, Ontario College of Art and Design (Toronto, Canada).
Ramon's academic webpage (he warns us that it needs extensive updating): http://www.lsi.upc.edu/~sanguesa
Ramon Sangüesa is associate professor at the Technical University of Catalonia (UPC; Software Department) where he has been Vicedean for innovation at the School of Informatics. He does research on artificial societies understood as complex systems.
Ramon's personal blog: http://fluxchange.typepad.com/en/
Philippe Schmidt is an urbanist, writing his Ph.D. on public input in urban planning at
Ground Zero. His research interest centers on organizational forms of public
interest in urban planning, planning processes in the American and European
context (transcontinental flow) as well as network-orientated planning and
planning culture. He holds degrees as a Dipl.-Ing and a MSc in European
Urban Studies and is co-founder and chairman of the Bauhaus University
Alumni and Friends of the European Urban Studies Association (AFEU e.V.). He
has a teaching position at the Bauhaus-University Weimar where he is
also a research associate in a transnational project on urban development.
Articles about the interrelations between institutions of urban planning,
non-governmental actors and planning culture include: "Urban portrait of a
community planner and activist." (Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, 2004), "Urban
Planning and the Informal Economy of Willets Point" (John F. Kennedy
Institute, FU Berlin, 2004). "Planning for Living: Portrait of a New York
City Commissioner" (Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, 2005). "Cultural heritage
and the challenge of compromise building - the case of the Weimar Gauforum",
presented at the HERMES conference Sofia in 2006.
Alexander Schüller has studied Philosophy, Political Science and History in Cologne, Germany. He is currently working as a doctoral student at the University of Cologne and the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies. In 2006 he was granted a graduate scholarship by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation for his dissertation project on "Corporate philosophies as 'Value-Systems' in a German-American comparison". In his doctoral thesis he conducts a qualitative content analysis of corporate communication, especially annual reports and web-based statements, in order to analyze how corporations connect their profit motive with additional "social" values, and by which rhetorical means they do it while trying to solve the fundamental problem of legitimization. Drawing on pragmatist and constructivist approaches, corporate statements are not only passively shaped by society's expectations, but also mirror an active struggle for cultural hegemony in a discourse about the corporation's role within the society.
Roger Schoenman earned his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 2005 and holds an M.Sc. in Philosophy from the London School of Economics. He has been a fellow at the European University Institute in Florence (2008-2009), the Harriman Institute at Columbia University (2006-2007) and a fellow of the American Council of Learned Societies in 2006. Since 2005 he is an assistant professor of politics at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He has published in Political Studies and East European Politics and Societies and received research grants from the National Science Foundation, the American Council of Learned Societies, the German Marshall Fund and the Ford Foundation.
His research to date explored the relationships emerging across post-communist Europe between business, political parties and the state. His dissertation explored the effects of different types of business networks and political party competition on state building in Poland, Romania and Bulgaria. He is also keenly interested in reconciliation after political transformations, state-building, lobbying, the role of social media in mass protest and the use of new technologies in political research including machine assisted content analysis of very large textual datasets and social network analysis. Two new research projects focus on 1) the use of social media in mass protests in the last decade and 2) the impact of the financial crisis on political debate in emerging markets. While at Columbia, he is editing a manuscript that examines the role of networks in the emerging varieties of capitalism in eleven countries in Eastern Europe and the Balkans.
Arno Simons is doctoral candidate and member of the interdisciplinary research group "Innovation in Governance" at Technische Universität Berlin. Following the group's perspective, Arno's research explores the emergence, stabilization and expansion of policy instruments as innovation processes in governance. For his dissertation project, Arno traces the 'innovation journey' of several tradable permit instruments and analyses their innovation networks and constituencies. A particular focus lies on heterogeneous cooperation and community formation. If the construction and dissemination of tradable permit instruments relies on the inputs of heterogeneous actors from different social worlds, how are these inputs coordinated and why do actors cooperate? His research thereby aims to understand the social mechanisms that constitute the drive and "inner life" of these instruments. Arno holds a M.A. in "History, Philosophy and Sociology of Science" from Bielefeld University and a B.A. in social sciences from the Humboldt University Berlin.
Florian Stache is currently preparing his Ph. D. dissertation at Freie Universität Berlin with a grant by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. His research interests evolve around inter-organizational cooperation across differing institutional contexts. His doctoral thesis focuses on change in the Russian healthcare sector through path-breaking networks. He graduated in business administration at Freie Universität Berlin after completing his studies in Berlin and Madrid with a scholarship from the European Region Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students before writing his German diploma thesis in Ukraine on the topic "Cooperation with Eastern-European Firms: Partnership without Trust?" in Kiew and Odessa, supported by the German Academic Exchange Service. Thereafter, Florian has been invited as a visiting scholar to the Max Planck Institute for the Studies of Societies, Cologne, where he contributed to publications in the MPIfG Discussion Papers and a miscellany on trust across cultures published by Cambridge University Press.
He has working experience within Russian organizations, as he advised the largest Russian pharmacy retail chain for a German strategy consultancy and was announced vice president of a German-Russian joint venture in Smolensk before starting his PhD.
Matthias Trier is Post-Doc Researcher and Lecturer at Technical University of Berlin. As head of the IKM Research Group, he is working in the fields of computer-mediated communication, online communities and knowledge work. His current special focus is on event-driven social network analysis and dynamic animations of evolving network structures emerging from electronic interaction among people. This includes work on novel software-based approaches to combine dynamic network analysis with content mining in order to study network reactions to external events, topic dissemination, or network stability.
His publications include: Trier, M., Bobrik, A. (2007): Analyzing the Dynamics of Community Formation using Brokering Activities. In: Steinfield, C., Pentland, B.T., Ackerman, M., Contractor, N. (Eds): Communities and Technologies 2007, Springer, London 2007, p.463-78. --- Trier, M. (2007): Virtual Knowledge Communities - IT-supported Visualization and Analysis. VDM, Saarbruecken 2007. --- Cho H.-K., Trier, M., Kim, E. (2005): The Use of Instant Messaging in Working Relationship Development: A Case Study. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Volume 10, Issue 4, July 2005. (see www.ikmresearch.de for more details)
Pe-Ru Tsen is a Ph.D. student in Architecture at Dresden University of Technology, Germany and a Fellow at the Center for Metropolitan Studies in Berlin, Germany. She is interested in the effects of information technology and globalization on knowledge-intensive industries, and focuses on the financial industry as example. In her research, she explores the organizational and spatial structure of modern trading rooms examining how knowledge is created and communicated in different trading environments and analyzing the physical and social settings of these processes. Currently, she works on her Ph.D. thesis titled "Global Knowledge Spaces of Financial Markets" conducting field work in New York, Chicago and Frankfurt which is funded by the German Research Foundation. Pe-Ru graduated in Architecture at Dresden University of Technology in 2001 and worked as an architect in London and Chicago.
Vaast is a doctoral student at the Centre de Recherche en Gestion
(CRG) of the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, France. She will be a
visiting scholar at COI from June to August 2002. Vaast's research
interests include intranets, information communication technology
practices and organizational change, communities of practice, information
systems coherence and historical perspective on organizations and
their management. Her dissertation deals with intranet practices
and the structure of organizational boundaries and territories.
Vaast is the author of "Toward a new "genre" of management research?
Research in management with ICT and research on management with
ICT" to be published in the Revue Française de Gestion, "Intranets
in French firms: evolutions and revolutions" in Information Research,
and "Intranets and Organizational Hazards" in Réseaux. In
2001, she spent 3 months as a visiting student at the Reginald H.
Jones Center of the Wharton School at the invitation of Professor
Bruce Kogut, co-director of this center. She received her first
degree from Sciences Po, a Master of Economics from Paris IX, an
Agrégation Economie, ENS Cachan (Economie), and a DEA Sciences de
Gestion from Paris XII.
Sabine Wüerkner studied Geography, Economics, and Political Science in Bonn, Germany and is now a Research Fellow at the Research Area Socio-Economics of Space at the University of Bonn. She is currently involved in the project "Learning in Personal Networks: Collaborative Knowledge Production in Virtual Forums" funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. The project focuses on innovative practices in different types of virtual forums: business networking software, collaborative online workspaces, and online discussion forums. Especially the particular role of information exchange and social networking as key learning practices are explored, using analysis of forum interactions, group discussions, social network analysis, and explorative interviews. In another project, Wuerkner is investigating the flourishing art market in terms of a potential bubble burst. Her research interests include network theories and social capital, organizational learning and communities of practice as well as economic geography and sociology.
Professor of sociology and director of the Social Sciences Department at Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan (France), Pierre-Paul ZALIO is also member of the research centre “Institutions and Historical Dynamics of Economics” (IDHE, CNRS). Nominated to Institut Universitaire de France, he holds a PhD in Sociology from Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. His main fields of research are: sociology of entrepreneurship, career and social construction of the self in economic activities, economic sociology of territories in Europe, history of sociology and sociological theories. Its first works were about the construction of a regional business community (Marseilles, France) and on the territorial and social settings of economic activities. He’s currently coordinating a research project on the social supports of entrepreneurship defines as the collective and distributed work consisting in exploring and discovering innovation and heterogeneity of evaluations.
He has published notably “Grandes familles” of Marseilles in the XXth century. A research on the economic identity of a harbour city, Paris, Belin, 1999 (in French) ; Emile Durkheim, an anthology with comments, Paris, Hachette, 2001 (in French) ; « Sociologie économique de l’entrepreneur », in P. Steiner, F. Vatin (ed..), Traité de sociologie économique, Paris, PUF, 2009. He is chief editor of Terrains & Travaux, and member of the editorial board of the Revue française de sociologie.